http://jurnal.univrab.ac.id/index.php/klinikal/issue/feed Klinikal Sains : Jurnal Analis Kesehatan 2021-07-13T14:13:16+07:00 Siti Juariah sitijuariah@univrab.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">Greetings Editor. The clinical journal of science in the health analyst study program is a scientific journal that discusses the competence of health analysts which includes the competencies of Microbiology, Hematology, Parasitology, Immunoserology, Toxicology, and Clinical Chemistry. The clinical journal of science will be published every six months, in one period each academic year will be published twice, namely in June and December. This clinical journal of science was created primarily to assist lecturers, practitioners and students in publishing their scientific work. The background in making this clinical science journal is: 1. As a forum to accommodate the interests of lecturers in writing scientific papers, 2. Making the Dawn Health Analyst Study Program as a research center related to health laboratories, 3. As a source of information for the community about the importance disease detection in the laboratory as early as possible. Such is the background in making clinical clinical journals.<br><iframe src="https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/e/2PACX-1vQ-pWSO0_kdabKa1muigHrkj7LEDIa8y5igWT-Fig0LMq11Yunqau34Az6u5X9GnxfDwxGUfWl6E_GN/pubchart?oid=534261881&amp;format=interactive" width="250" height="138" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" seamless=""></iframe> <iframe src="https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/e/2PACX-1vQ-pWSO0_kdabKa1muigHrkj7LEDIa8y5igWT-Fig0LMq11Yunqau34Az6u5X9GnxfDwxGUfWl6E_GN/pubhtml?gid=276313064&amp;single=true&amp;widget=true&amp;headers=false" width="320" height="138"></iframe></p> http://jurnal.univrab.ac.id/index.php/klinikal/article/view/1756 PERBEDAAN KADAR KOLESTEROL TOTAL PADA PASIEN PUASA DAN TIDAK PUASA 2021-07-13T14:13:15+07:00 Asrori Asrori asrori123@poltekkespalembang.ac.id Sinta Nur Ifaliza ifalizasintanur@gmail.com Ardiya Garini ifalizasintanur@gmail.com <p><em>Cholesterol is a fatty substance produced by the liver. Cholesterol can be found throughout the body and plays an important role in daily body functions. Cholesterol tests carried out in the laboratory are one of the parameters to determine heart disease. Cholesterol serum levels is used as an indicator of coronary artery disease and atherosclerosis. Since the fatigue can affect the examination result, patients should not perfom heavy activities during 24 hours before the examination. <strong>Objective :</strong>to know the difference of total cholesterol level on fasting and non fasting patients. <strong>Method :</strong>it was an analytical research with </em><em>one group pre and posttest design. This research was conducted in March 2020. The population were all the 1<sup>st</sup> and 2<sup>nd</sup> grade students of the Medical Laboratory Technology&nbsp; Department of Health Polytechnic of Palembang. Samples were taken by simple random sampling. Paired t-test was used as a statistic analysis. Pursuant to result t test of data obtained by p value = 0,134 (p &gt; 0,05) means there is no significant difference of fasting cholesterol levels and non-fasting cholesterol levels. </em></p> 2021-06-30T21:36:46+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://jurnal.univrab.ac.id/index.php/klinikal/article/view/1426 ANALISA TINGKAT KERACUNAN LOGAM BERAT Pb PADA TUKANG BECAK DAN PEDAGANG ASONGAN DI JALAN KAPTEN MUSLIM MEDAN 2021-07-13T14:13:11+07:00 Nova Florentina Ambarwati nova.fio82@gmail.com Eka Margaretha Sinaga nova.fio82@gmail.com Erdina Gultom nova.fio82@gmail.com <p><em>Lead (Pb) is one of dangerous heavy metals that is toxic for human bodies. Lead can be found in the air in the form of air pollution which is produced by the fuel of motor vehicles. According to WHO, in 1995, the level of lead inside the human body can be divided into three levels which are, low (&lt;10ppm), moderate (10-20 ppm), otherwise high (&gt;20ppm) according to the category of pollution. A pedicab driver and a street vendor who frequent the street will surely very often be exposed to vehicle fumes which contains lead (Pb). This experiment is aimed to find out the level of Pb in the hair of pedicab drivers and street vendors around Kapten Muslim Street, Medan. From the overall population is randomly taken each 4 (four) hair samples from pedicab drivers and street vendors, and then continued with an examination using AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer). From the result of the experiment, overall obtained that 1 (one) out of the rest is within the high level of toxicity (20,138 ppm), and then 2 (two) within the moderate level of toxicity (10,697 - 16,69 ppm), and 5 (five) others within the low level of toxicity (0,862≈4,533 ppm). This shows that almost all pedicab drivers and street vendors around the Kapten Muslim Street, Medan are already poisoned with heavy metal, Pb, inside their bodies.</em></p> 2021-06-30T21:45:07+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://jurnal.univrab.ac.id/index.php/klinikal/article/view/1701 ANALISIS KADAR RHODAMIN B PADA TERASI YANG DIPERJUALBELIKAN DI PASAR BELIK KABUPATEN PEMALANG 2021-07-13T14:13:12+07:00 oden krisyan krisyan0498@gmail.com Retno Sulistiyowati krisyan1804@gmail.com Kurniawan Kurniawan krisyan1804@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p><em>Terasi is a cooking spice made from fermented shrimp and is often found in the market. It is relatively affordable and easy to find, so people flavor it as a flavor enhancer for their food. The abuse of Rhodamine B as a Food Additive (BTP) in terasi is often done by the producers. This study aimed to analyze the Rhodamine B content in the terasi sold at the Pasar Belik, Pemalang Regency. The study was conducted in a descriptive observational manner where the sample was analyzed qualitatively and if the result were positive it would be followed by quantitative. The study was conducted in December 2020. Rhodamine B content in tersi was analyzed by univariate test. Qualitative analysis was carried out by chemical methods using 10% NaOH, Petroleum Eter and 10% HCl. The results of the qualitative analysis of 7 samples of shrimp paste sold at the Belik Market in Pemalang Regency were all negative and did not contain Rhodamine B. Shrimp samples that were bought and sold at the Pasar Belik in Pemalang Regency showed that they were free from</em>&nbsp;<em>Rhodamine B</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keyword</em></strong><strong><em>s</em></strong><em>: rhodamine B, shrimp paste, qualitative analysis, food additives</em></p> 2021-06-30T21:43:46+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://jurnal.univrab.ac.id/index.php/klinikal/article/view/1869 PENGGUNAAN OBAT ANTIDIABETES PADA PASIEN RAWAT INAP DI RUMAH SAKIT HARAPAN PEMATANGSIANTAR 2021-07-13T14:13:16+07:00 Shofian Syarifuddin shofiantebing@gmail.com Ricard Fredrik Marpaung ricardfredrik.marpaung@yahoo.co.id Pinondang Hotria pinondang_aja@yahoo.id <p><strong><em>ABSTRACT</em></strong></p> <p>Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a global health problem whose incidence is increasing. As many as 346 million people in the world suffer from diabetes, and it is estimated that it will reach 380 million in 2025. According to WHO in 2000, Indonesia is in the fourth of the country with the highest prevalence of diabetes in the world with a number of sufferers of 8.4 million people. The purpose of this study was to determine the pattern of diabetes mellitus drug use at the Harapan Hospital in Pematangsiantar for the period January-March 2020 and to evaluate the antidiabetic drugs which included the righ indication, right dose, right patient, right drug, and the right way of administration. The research was a survey with a retrospective method, the design used was cross sectional, namely the collection of variable data to get an overview of the use of antidiabetic drugs in inpatients at Harapan Hospital in Pematangsiantar for the period January-March 2020. The results showed that patients suffering from diabetes mellitus in The Harapan Hospital period January-March 2020 were more female than male, with 25 female patients (55.6%) and 20 male patients (44.4%). The highest distribution of antidiabetic single-administered was Glimepiride, namely 11 prescriptions (24.4%) and the highest combination was Glimepiride with Metformin 5 prescription (11.1%). The results of the rationality evaluation showed that the use of antidiabetic drugs has the right indication, the right dose, the right patient, the right drug and the right way of administration</p> 2021-06-30T21:35:36+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://jurnal.univrab.ac.id/index.php/klinikal/article/view/1754 GAMBARAN NILAI HEMATOKRIT PASIEN TUBERCULOSIS YANG MENDAPAT PENGOBATAN OBAT ANTI TUBERCULOSIS (OAT) DI PUSKESMAS RAYA PEMATANGSIANTAR 2021-07-13T14:13:13+07:00 Deswidya Hutauruk sukrisna.hutauruk@gmail.com <p>Tuberculosis merupakan penyakit menular langsung yang disebabkan <em>Mycobacterium</em> <em>tuberculosis</em>. Penularan terjadi melalui batuk atau bersin, bateri tersebar di udara dalam bentuk droplet nuclei. Penggunaan OAT pada penderita TB berdasarkan lama konsumsi OAT dapat menyebabkan penurunan nilai hematokrit yang diakibatkan efek samping dari obat yaitu terjadinya anemia dan trombositopenia. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu deskriptif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran nilai hematokrit pada penderita TB yang mendapat pengobatan OAT di Puskesmas Raya Pematangsiantar. Sampel penelitian ini berjumlah 30 orang yang diambil secara purposive sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa hasil pemeriksaan yang mendapat pengobatan OAT akhir bulan ke II sebanyak 24 orang (80%) yang diamana hasil pemeriksaan menunjukan bahwa nilai hematokrit rendah sebanyak 15 orang (62,5%), dan normal sebanyak 9 orang (37,5%) menunjukan nilai hematokritnya rendah. Pada pemeriksaan pasien yang mendapat pengobatan akhir bulan ke VI sebanyak 6 orang (20%) menunjukan hasil pemeriksaan dengan nilai hematokrit rendah sebanyak 6 orang (100%). Dari rendahnya nilai hematokrit yang terdapat pada penderita TB pengobatan akhir bulan ke II dan ke VI ini disebabkan efek samping dari OAT yang dikonsumsi, usia, jenis kelamin serta kekebalan tubuh dalam melawan bakteri yang menyerang sel-sel darah sehingga terjadi penurunan nilai dari hematokrit. Hal ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa dari 30 penderita TB yang mendapat pengobatan OAT akhir bulan ke II dan ke VI, jumlah penderita dengan nilai hematokrit rendah lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan nilai hematokrit yang normal. Oleh karena itu disarankan kepada masyarakat agar dapat mengikuti prosedur pengobatan yang telah dianjurkan terkhusus pada penderita TB</p> 2021-06-30T21:40:59+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##