Keterlibatan WALHI dalam Politik Lingkungan Hidup terhadap Kasus Kabut Asap di Riau

  • Herry Wahyudi Universitas Abdurrab
  • M Fajar Anugerah Universitas Abdurrab
  • Muhammad Arif Universitas Abdurrab

Abstract

This research examines Walhi's involvement in environmental politics in the hazing case in Riau by using Walhi's perspective as a non-governmental organization (NGO) that has a lot of influence in the process of policymaking by the government on environmental issues, especially in Riau during haze disasters. There is an effort to use the power relations by Walhi as a non-governmental organization (NGO) through the concept of political opportunity in raising the issue of the haze disaster in Riau so that it becomes an environmental issue on an international scale. The transnational advocacy strategy was used by Walhi Riau to show the line of power relations as a non-governmental organization (NGO) to influence the policies of the Riau provincial government related to the haze disaster. Starting from the strategy (1) information politics, which is the ability to produce information and direct the impact that will occur from the information obtained. (2) symbolic politics, namely the ability to call symbols and actions that can bring public opinion and framing and construction of an issue, (3) leverage politics, is the ability to influence certain situations when one party is unable to exert influence, and (4 ) accountability politics, is an effort to keep the powerful actors to keep upholding the policies that have been set.

References

Ardhian, David, Soeryo Adiwibowo, and Sri Wahyuni. 2016. “Peran Dan Strategi Organisasi Non Pemerintahan Dalam Arena Politik Lingkungan Hidup.” Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan (Desember).

Bryant, Raymond L, and Sinead Bailey. 1997. “A Politicized Environment.” In Third World Political Ecology,.London:Routledge

Carter, N. 2007. The Politics of Environment: Ideas, Activism and Policies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cholisin, Cholisin. 2015. “Dinamika Lsm Di Indonesia Dan Kontribusinya Terhadap Perkembangan Demokrasi.” Informasi 26(1).

E Keck, Margaret, and Kathryn Sikkink. 1998. “Transnational Advocacy Networks in International Politics: Introduction BT - Activists Beyond Borders.” In Activists Beyond Borders, Cornell University Press.

Fauzi, Noer, and Herlily. 2005. Memahami Gerakan-Gerakan Rakyat Dunia Ketiga. Insist Press.

Giugni, Marco. 2009. “Political Opportunities : From Tilly to Tilly.” Swiss Political Science Review 15: 361–67.

Guadalope M, Rodrigues M. 2004. Global Environtalism and Local Politics: Transnasional Advocacy Networks in Brazil, Ecuador and India. New York (US): State University of Network Press.

Harahap, Rizal. 2016. “Weary of Haze Crisis, Civil Group Files Lawsuit against Government.” thejakartapost.com. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/03/11/weary-haze-crisis-civil-group-files-lawsuit-against-government.html (March 26, 2021).

Ikbar, Yanuar. 2014. “Metodologi & Teori Hubungan Internasional.” Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Jordan, Lisa. 2000. “Political Responsibility in Transnational NGO Advocacy.” World development 28(12): 2051–65.

King, Marissa. 2004. “Cooptation or Cooperation: The Role of Transnational Advocacy Organizations in the Zapatista Movement.” Sociological Focus.

Margaret E, Keck. 1998. “Transnational Advocacy Networks in International Politics : Introduction.” In Activist Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politcs, New York: Cornell University Press, 1–38.

Meyer, David S, Debra C. Minkoff. 2004. “Conceptualizing Political Opportunity.” Social Forces 82(June): 1457–92.

Panjaitan, R. 2015. Dampak, Upaya Dan Harapan Akibat Kebakaran Hutan Tahun 2015 [Makalah]. Hari Pulang Kampung Fakultas Kehutanan IPB; 2015 Nov 7; Bogor Indonesia. Bogor (ID): Fakultas Kehutanan IPB. Bogor.

Park, Susan. 2004. “The Role of Transnational Advocacy Networks in Reconstituting International Organization Identities AND.” Seton Hall Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations (Summer/Fall): 79–92.

Persada, Syailendra. 2019. “Cerita Eks Direktur Walhi Riau Yang Jadi Korban Kabut Asap.” Tempo.co. https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1250264/cerita-eks-direktur-walhi-riau-yang-jadi-korban-kabut-asap/full&view=ok (March 26, 2021).

Princen T, Finger M. 1994. Environmental NGOs in World Politics: Linking the Local and the Global. New York (US): Routledge.

Purnomo, H et al. 2015. “Ekonomi Politik Kebakaran Hutan Dan Lahan Di Riau: Sebuah Pendekatan Analitis [Makalah].” Mencegah Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan.

Stillerman, Joel. 2003. “Transnational Activist Networks and the Emergence of Labor Internationalism in the NAFTA Countries.” Social Science History 4(winter): 577–601.

Tarrow, Sidney, Della Porta, Donatella. 2018. “Patterns of Dynamic Multilevel Governance and the Insider-Outsider Coalition.” In Transnational Protest and Global Activism, Harvard University Libraries, 151–74.

Tarrow, Sidney. 1994. “Power in Movement.” In Power in Movement, Cambridge University Press.

———. 2019. “A Landmark in Scholarly Activism beyond Borders : A Review of Keck and Sikkink ’ s Transnational Advocacy Networks in International and Regional Politics ( ISSJ 159 / 1999 : 89 – 101 ).” ISSJ (John Wiley & Sons Ltd): 1–4.

Published
2021-08-31
Section
Articles
pdf (Bahasa Indonesia)
Abstract views: 0
downloads: 0