Dampak Masuknya Imigran Timur Tengah terhadap Keamanan Manusia Domestik dan Respon Kebijakan Amerika Serikat Era Donald Trump
The U.S anxiety about Middle Eastern immigrants became one of the main concerns of foreign policy in the Trump era. By using human security and foreign policy concepts as the analysis tools, this study aims at describing US foreign policy in Trump’s era as the response to the influx of Middle Eastern immigrants waves that threaten U.S domestic personal security. The policy issued by Trump’s era was inspirable from the Islamophobia perspective that resulted in contradictive foreign policy with previous government’s era. This study adopts a descriptive-qualitative approach with secondary data collection techniques. This study found some strategies foreign policy from Trump’s era as agendas to improve and maintain U.S domestic security. Those are Border Security and Interior Enforcement and executive order “Protecting the Nation from Terrorist Attacks by Foreign National” through travel ban.
Beydoun, Khaled A. 2016. “Donald Trump: The Islamophobia president: Trump rose to power with an Islamophobic campaign and Islamophobia now will become his official policy.” https://www.aljazeera.com/opinions/2016/11/9/donald-trump-the- islamophobia-president/.
Cumoletti Mattea, Batalova Jeanne. “Middle Eastern and North African Immigrants in the United States.” https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/middle-eastern-and-north- african-immigrants-united-states.
Center for Migration Studies of New York. 2017. “President Trump’s Executive Orders on Immigration and Refugees.” https://cmsny.org/trumps-executive-orders-immigration-refugees/.
IOM. 2013. “International Migration, Health and Human Rights.” https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Issues/Migration/WHO_IOM_UN OHCHRPublication.pdf.
Foad, Hisham S. 2013. “Waves of Immigration from the Middle East to the United States.” https://www.aeaweb.org/aea/2014conference/program/retrieve.
Hampson, F.O. 2013. “Human Security”, in Security Studies an Introduction 2nd Edition. New York: Routledge.
Holsti, K. J. 1968. International Politics: A Framework for Analysis. Englewood Cliffs N.J. Prentice-Hall.
Ikbar, Yanuar. 2014. Metodologi dan Teori Hubungan Internasional. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.
James N. Rosenau. 1980. The Scientific Study of Foreign Policy. New York: The Free Press.
Pierce, Sarah dkk. 2018. “Trump’s First Year on Immigration Policy : Rhetoric vs. Reality.” Migration Policy Institute: Washington, DC. https://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/trump-first-year- immigration-policy-rhetoric-vs-reality.
Saba, Usi. 2015. “Kenapa Amerika Jadi Tujuan Imigran Muslim?,” https://www.kompasiana.com/usisaba/5668356663afbd1d12d5c843/k enapa-amerika-jadi-tujuan-imigran-muslim.
Selee, Andrew, dan Sarah Pierce. 2017. “Immigration Under Trump: A Review of Policy Shifts in the Year Since the Election.” Migration Policy Institute:New York, diakses dalam https://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/immigration-under-trump- review-policy-shifts.
Syekhnurjati. 2018. Sejarah dan Faktor Migrasi Muslim Lebanon ke Amerika Serikat tahun 1880-1990. Cirebon: IAIN Cirebon.
The Nations Academies Press. 2015. “The Integration of Immigrants into American Society.” https://www.nap.edu/read/21746/chapter/3
United Nation Development Programme. 2010 “Human Development Report 1994.” http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/255/hdr_1994_en_compl ete_nostats.pdf.
United Nation High Commissioner Refugees. “Displacement in Central America.” https://www.unhcr.org/displacement-in-central- america.html.
United Nation High Commissioner Refugees. 2018 “What is Refugees? Definition and Meaning.” https://www.unhcr.org/refugees.html.
Wadhia, Shoba Sivaprasad. 2018. National Security, Immigration and the Muslim Bans. Washington and Lee Review, Volume 75, Issue 3, Article 9. Penn State Law, University Park.
Zong Jie, Batalova Jeanne. “Middle Eastern and North African Immigrants in the United Stares.” https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/middle- eastern-and-north-african-immigrants-united-states-3.
Copyright (c) 2021 JDP (Jurnal Dinamika Pemerintahan)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
1. Copyright of all journal manuscripts is held by the JDP (Jurnal Dinamika Pemerintahan)
2. Formal legal provisions to access digital articles of electronic journal are subject to the provision of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license (CC BY-NC-SA), which means that JDP (Jurnal Dinamika Pemerintahan) is rightful to keep, transfer media/format, manage in the form of databases, maintain, and publish articles.
3. Published manuscripts both printed and electronic are open access for educational, research, and library purposes. Additionally, the editorial board is not responsible for any violations of copyright law.
licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.