EDUKASI FISIOTERAPI BAD POSTURE PADA SISWA-SISWI DI SMP NEGERI 1 KOTA MALANG

PHYSIOTHERAPY EDUCATION OF BAD POSTURE FOR STUDENTS AT SMP NEGERI 1 KOTA MALANG

  • Maslichatul Nurul Rosida Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Indria Sari Shinta
  • Safun Rahmanto

Abstract

Background: Postural Disorder, or disorders related to body posture, which are increasingly found in children lately. The causes of poor posture are not only from sitting positions but also from sleeping positions and activities that trigger body posture disorders, such as playing gadgets, staring at laptop/computer screens, lifting heavy objects, and the type of school bags. Objectives: The counseling was conducted with the intention of educating students about cases of poor posture, particularly with reference to the definition, types, and causes of posture disorders, as well as prevention strategies and physiotherapy exercises to lessen the number of complaints from students when handling devices or carrying bags. Method: Microsoft PowerPoint was utilized as a teaching tool to educate students about health issues related to poor body posture using several questionnaire questions as a measure of knowledge. In 30 students were given pre- and post-tests in the form of questions to gauge the effectiveness of the teaching. Results: The counseling session went well, and the pupils' understanding increased from 30% to 100% after getting instruction, according to the evaluation. This counseling activity, which was conducted at SMP Negeri 1 Kota Malang, Oro-Oro Dowo, Klojen, helped students learn more about poor posture and how to prevent and manage posture-related physiotherapy exercises like pelvic tilt, bird-dog, and cat-camel. Conclusion: To help students prevent and address poor body posture, counseling sessions have been conducted at SMP Negeri 1 Kota Malang, Oro-Oro Dowo, Klojen, Kota Malang. These sessions include exercises such as pelvic tilts, bird-dogs, and cat-camels that can be performed at home to help improve body posture. The majority of students participating in these exercises stated that they were unaware of what causes poor body posture or how to avoid it.

Keywords: Adolescent, Bad Posture, Counseling, Physiotherapy

References

R. M. Napitupulu, “Hubungan Antara Aktifitas Fisik Dan Manajemen Stres Pada Mahasiswa Fisioterapi Correlation Between Physical Activity With Stress Management Among Physiotherapy Students,” J. Fisioter. Dan Rehabil., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 76–95, 2021.

D. Putu, R. Widyantari, G. Ayu, P. Laksmi, and I. A. P. Paramurthi, “Gambaran Pengetahuan Postur Tubuh yang Baik Pada Remaja di Desa Pelaga,” IJOPRE, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 41–44, 2023.

A. Baranowska, M. Sierakowska, A. Owczarczuk, B. J. Olejnik, A. Lankau, and P. Baranowski, “An Analysis of the Risk Factors for Postural Defects among Early School-Aged Children,” J. Clin. Med., vol. 12, no. 14, 2023, doi: 10.3390/jcm12144621.

T. P. C. Schlösser, D. Colo, and R. M. Castelein, “Etiology and pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis,” Semin. Spine Surg., vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 2–8, 2022, doi: 10.1053/j.semss.2015.01.003.

M. R. Konieczny, H. Senyurt, and R. Krauspe, “Epidemiology of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis,” J. Child. Orthop., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 3–9, 2020, doi: 10.1007/s11832-012-0457-4.

S. Kamila Namidya, A. Habibullah, and Y. Atifah, “Analisis Malformasi Tulang Pada Penderita Skoliosis Kongenital,” Pros. Semin. Nas. Biol. 4, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 908–912, 2022.

K. A. Irianto and H. Yazid, “Congenital Scoliosis: An Article Review,” J. Orthop. Traumatol. Surabaya, vol. 8, no. 1, 2019.

F. Aisyah, Y. Andriane, and T. Bhatara, “Gambaran Potensi Skoliosis Menggunakan Adam’s Forward Bending Test pada Siswa SD di Kelurahan Tamansari Bandung,” Pros. Kedokt., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 625–630, 2020.

G. Bin Lee, D. T. Priefer, and R. Priefer, “Scoliosis : Causes and Treatments,” MDPI, vol. 2, pp. 220–234, 2022.

et al., “Congenital Scoliosis: A Current Concepts Review,” J. Pediatr. Rev., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 127–136, 2021, doi: 10.32598/jpr.9.2.876.1.

C. Simanjuntak and P. W Gading, “Pemeriksaan Awal Skoliosis Pada Pelajar SLTP di Kota Jambi,” MEDIC, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 53–58, 2019.

W. Tri Sudaryanto et al., “Penyuluhan Penanganan Nyeri Punggung Bawah Pada Guru Sekolah Dasar,” J. JPPMI, pp. 37–41, 2020.

N. Nyoman Wahyuni et al., “Kontrol Stabilitas Lumbal Dengan Bird Dog Exercise Untuk Mencegah Kejadian Cedera Ekstremitas Bawah Olahraga Surfing Pada Wisatawan,” Mot. J. Kesehat. , vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 90–98, 2021.

I. Gerhanawati, F. Universitas, M. S. Test, and P. T. Exercise, “Pengaruh Knee to Chest dan Pelvic Tilting Exercise Terhadap Fleksibilitas Punggung Bawah pada Pekerja Administrasi dalam Aktivitas Duduk Lama,” J. Ilm. Keperawatan, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 195–203, 2021.

K. M. N. Salsabila and T. Karnadipa, “Pemberian Core Stability Exercise Untuk Mengurangi Nyeri Dan Meningkatkan Aktivitas Fungsional Pada Kasus Spondylolisthesis Lumbal,” Indones. J. Physiother., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 41–48, 2021, doi: 10.52019/ijpt.v1i2.3196.

Published
2024-02-28
How to Cite
Rosida, M., Shinta, I., & Rahmanto, S. (2024). EDUKASI FISIOTERAPI BAD POSTURE PADA SISWA-SISWI DI SMP NEGERI 1 KOTA MALANG. Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Multidisiplin, 7(2), 134-140. https://doi.org/10.36341/jpm.v7i2.4239
Section
Articles
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)
Abstract views: 92
downloads: 87