ANALISA TINGKAT KERACUNAN LOGAM BERAT Pb PADA TUKANG BECAK DAN PEDAGANG ASONGAN DI JALAN KAPTEN MUSLIM MEDAN

  • Nova Florentina Ambarwati Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia
  • Eka Margaretha Sinaga
  • Erdina Gultom

Abstract

Lead (Pb) is one of dangerous heavy metals that is toxic for human bodies. Lead can be found in the air in the form of air pollution which is produced by the fuel of motor vehicles. According to WHO, in 1995, the level of lead inside the human body can be divided into three levels which are, low (<10ppm), moderate (10-20 ppm), otherwise high (>20ppm) according to the category of pollution. A pedicab driver and a street vendor who frequent the street will surely very often be exposed to vehicle fumes which contains lead (Pb). This experiment is aimed to find out the level of Pb in the hair of pedicab drivers and street vendors around Kapten Muslim Street, Medan. From the overall population is randomly taken each 4 (four) hair samples from pedicab drivers and street vendors, and then continued with an examination using AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer). From the result of the experiment, overall obtained that 1 (one) out of the rest is within the high level of toxicity (20,138 ppm), and then 2 (two) within the moderate level of toxicity (10,697 - 16,69 ppm), and 5 (five) others within the low level of toxicity (0,862≈4,533 ppm). This shows that almost all pedicab drivers and street vendors around the Kapten Muslim Street, Medan are already poisoned with heavy metal, Pb, inside their bodies.

Keywords: Lead (Pb), pedicab drivers, street vendors

References

1. Ardianto, D.2005. Deteksi Pencemaran Timah Hitam (Pb) dalam Darah, masyarakat yang terpajan timbal (Plumbun), Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan. Vol.2/No.1
2. Anonim. 2012. Penyakit akibat kerja karena pajanan logam berat. Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, Jakarta .
3. Darma, Surya, 2005. Kadar Timbal Pada Darah Tukang Becak Mesin di Kota Siantar (11) 1. 31-35.http://repository.unhas.ac.id/bitsream/handle/12345678/JURNAL.pdf?sequence=1
4. Kusumawati.P.S Tang. U.M Nurhidayah. T, 2013 Hubungan Jumlah Kendaraan Bermotor dengan Emisi CO2
5. Palar, Heryando.2009. Pencemaran dan Toksikologi Logam Berat, : Jakarta Raylene, M Responden. 2008. Kulit, Rambut Kuku, Terjemah Benediktus Yohan, D.Lyrawati.
6. Samsuar, M.Kanedi, Sherly, Ari, 2017, Analisa Kadar Timbal (Pb) Pada Rambut Tambal Ban di Sepanjang Jalan soekarno Hatta Kota Bandar Lampung, (8)1, 91-97.
File://C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Administrator/My%20Documents/Downloads/406-1204-1-PB%20(1).pdf
7. Schamramm.2008. Kulit, Rambut, Kuku, Terjemahan Benediktus Yohan, D. Lyrawati
8. Shimadzu. 2009. Shimadzu Atomic Absoption Spectrophotometer AA-700 Series. Intruction Manual
9. Widowati Wahyu,dkk,2008.Efek Toksik Logam Yogyakarta : Andi. Uccoptaional Medicine.
10. Yamin, Moh Akhul,2009.Penurunan Kadar Timbal Pada Rambut Supir Bus Rute Mojekerto-Surabaya Dengan Peredaman Ekstrak Belimbing Wuluh (21)1, 21-29.
http://repo.stikesicmejbg.ac.id/289/KTI%20MOH.%20AKHUL%20YAMIN%20141310021.pdf
11. Zuhraida, 2017. Pengaruh Lamanya Kerja Terhadap Kadar Timmbal (Pb) Pada Tukang Becak Mesin di Pasar Ploso.(17)2, 22-25. http://fmipa.umri.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/nabila-I-deteksi-timah-dalam-darah.pdf
Published
2021-06-30
Section
Articles
pdf (Bahasa Indonesia)
Abstract views: 35
downloads: 37